Advances in Decision Sciences
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 385387, 57 pages
Review Article

Operational Risks in Financial Sectors

Laboratoire SAF EA2429, ISFA, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Université de Lyon, 69366 Lyon, France

Received 3 April 2012; Accepted 28 September 2012

Academic Editor: Henry Schellhorn

Copyright © 2012 E. Karam and F. Planchet. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A new risk was born in the mid-1990s known as operational risk. Though its application varied by institutions—Basel II for banks and Solvency II for insurance companies—the idea stays the same. Firms are interested in operational risk because exposure can be fatal. Hence, it has become one of the major risks of the financial sector. In this study, we are going to define operational risk in addition to its applications regarding banks and insurance companies. Moreover, we will discuss the different measurement criteria related to some examples and applications that explain how things work in real life.